TheRakhi festivalis one of the joyous Indian festivals both for kids and adults. The festival has been celebrating the sweet and innocent relationship between a brother and a sister since time immemorial. And it is of date, one of the most anticipated occasions where sisters await gifts and pampering from their brothers as against tying Rakhi or a sacred thread around the wrists of their brothers as means to protect them from evil and obstacles in life.
Ahead ofRaksha Bandhanthis year, the Government has gifted the most awaited present to the entire Indian education system by reforming a 34-year old Educational Policy, incorporated in 1986, with the help of New Education Policy of 2020.
The New Education Policy
The Government-approved New Education Policy makes spearheading reforms in higher education and schools which includes teaching. Some of the major highlights of the National Education Policy of 2020 are:
One regulator for higher learning institutes.
Several Entry and Exit Options in the Degrees
Discontinuation from MPhil Programmes
Low Stakes Board Exams
Common Entrance Exams for the Universities
The Importance of NEP
The New Education Policy is an exhaustive blueprint to support the advancement of education and short-term courses in India. The requirement for a policy was first experienced in 1964 when the MP of Congress mocked the government for running short of philosophy and vision for education and training services. The exact year, and Education Commission headed by 17 members by D.S. Kothari, the then UGC Chairperson was appointed to draft a coordinated and national policy on education and vocation studies. As per the suggestions doled out by the Commission, the Parliament was said to have implemented the first-ever education policy back in 1968.
The latest NEP comes along annually after every few decades. India has witnessed three NEPs till the present date. The first NEP policy was introduced in 1968 and the second was introduced in 1986, under the government of Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi respectively. The NEP of 1986 as however revised in 1992 under the leadership of Narsimha Rao. The third NEW was released on 29 July 2020.
New Educational Changes Introduced that Are Promising for Future Generations
(1) Schooling Begins at 3 Years of Age
This change has been one of the most anticipated ones amidst Indian parents, who find it befitting to enroll their children at 2 years of age into playschools/kindergarten. The NEP has now expanded the age group from 6-14 years of schooling to 3-18 years of compulsory schooling. The New Education Policy implements previously unveiled 3 years of pre-schooling age group between 3-6 years under the curriculum of the school. Get in touch with admission counseling of the respective school, before enrolling your child.
The new education system however would have 12 years of schooling that comprises 3 years of pre-schooling. With an importance on ECCE or Early Childhood Care and Education, the structure of the school curriculum- 10+2 is to be substituted with a new structure curriculum i.e.- 5+3+3+4 that corresponds to the age group of 3yrs to 8 yrs., 8yrs-11yrs, 11yrs-14yrs, and 14yrs-18yrs.
(2) Mother Tongue Shall Be the Tool of Instruction
The NEP emphasizes the mother tongue of the students as the tool of instruction, as it adheres to the three-language formula, but also commands that no language must be forced on anyone. The NEP only suggests the mother tongue as the tool of instruction in education institutes, and not makes it compulsory.
The policy document mentions that children rote and absorbs important concepts quicker in their mother tongue. The policy mandates the tool of instruction as the regional language, local language, or mother tongue until Grade 5 and preferably until Grade 8 in both private and public schools. Therefore, the home language must be continued as a language for as long as possible.
(2) Termination of NCTE, AICTE, UGC
The HECI or Higher Education Commission of India would be implemented as one umbrella body for the whole higher education, excluding legal and medical education. The Private higher education institutes and Public higher education institutes would be operated by the same set of benchmarks for:
ii. Accreditation, and
iii. Regulatory standards.
The Government would weed out the college affiliation in 15 years and an organized mechanism is to be set up for allowing graded autonomy to colleges.
(3) Science, Arts, and Commerce Gets Obscure
According to NEP 2020, there wouldnt be any stringent separation between the arts and the sciences, between the academic and vocational streams, curricular and extra-curricular activities. The students are free to choose the subjects as per their preference and or being recommended by your academic counselors. The vocational education would begin in schools from Grade 6 and would also run inclusive of internships.
(4) The Return of FYUP Program and Elimination of Dropouts
As per the NEWP, the undergraduate degree will either be of 3 years or 4 years duration with several options for an exit within this course of time. The colleges would compulsorily offer certificates after the completion of 1 year in a field or discipline including professional and vocational areas, a Bachelors degree after the completion of 3-years, or a diploma post 2 years of study.
The Government is also about to set up an Academic Bank of Credit for storing the HEI earned academic credits, so they can be transferred and counted towards the final.
The School Complexes to Serve as Adult Education Courses Post Schooling Hours
The school complexes and public library areas would be serving as adult education courses like corporate and soft skills training beyond the school hours which would be entirely ICT equipped whenever possible and for other enrichment activities and community engagement.
(5) More Emphasis on Vocational Studies during School-Level
Every child must rote at least one vocation and must be exposed to multiple others. Some of the examples of vital vocational crafts like pottery making, gardening, metalwork, electric work, and carpentry, as suggested by local communities and States in between the grades of 6-8.
As per an estimate, by the year 2025, at least 50% of the students through the higher education system and the school would be exposed to vocational education.
(6) A Committed Unit for Online and Digital Learning
A committed and serious unit for harmonizing the digital infrastructure building, capacity building, and digital content would be built in the MHRD to take after the e-education requirements of both higher education and school. An exhaustive recommendation set for promoting computer education consequent to the current spike in epidemics and pandemics to facilitate preparedness with substitute quality modes wherever in-person education mode is not possible.
The Reduction of Curricular Content
The content of curricular would be reduced in all the subjects to its key essentials, and make way for more discussion-based, discovery-based, critical thinking, and analysis-based learning.
Best Rakhi Gifts for Sister- Online Education Products
The changes in the educational system are surelyone of the best Rakhi gifts for Indian students. These were some of the key changes made by NEP in 2020. However, educational products and services are some other gifts that brothers can surprise their sisters with
Amongst them, you can help your sister experience and learn in a better way beyond school with books, Education books are one of the perfect gifts that a brother can give to his sister. Get the best education books for your sister from the nearest book andstationers market.
Short Term Courses
Apart from books, you can also gift a useful and effective short-term course for your sister. Some of the available short-term courses are crafting, sewing,financial planning,business analytics digital marketing, android course, etc.
So, get ready to experience a reformed education through these changes made by the government, and celebrate the best Rakhi festival ever. A lot of the NEP educational policy focuses on making progressive advancement in the Indian education system by phasing out rote-learning, global patterns and by instilling nationalist pride and confidence among students.