Tea is the most favourite beverage of the people world over. The history of tea dates back to 2737 BC. It is believed that the tea originated in China. The black teas, of which there are several varieties, are less oxidized but contain more caffeine and have a stronger flavor than the others. The Chinese refer to the black tea as crimson tea because they tend to look more red than black.
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|State / Districts||Area under tea ( in Th.Hectares)||Production (Million Kgs)|
|Total West Bengal||140.44||312.1|
Other North Indian States(Includes Tripura,Uttarakhand, Bihar,Manipur,Sikkim,Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh,Nagaland,Meghalaya, Mizoram and Orissa)
|Total North India||457.13||965.07|
|Total South India||106.85||243.71|
|Rank||Country||Production 2015 (Metric Tonnes)|
|Rank||Country||Annual Per Capita Tea Consumption (in kg)|
|7||United Arab Emirates||1.89|
Although Camellia sinensis is the sole tea producing plant in the world, still there are more than hundred different types of tea that people consume. The major types of tea that are popular in the world are:
With more than 52% of India’s total tea coming from here, Assam is entitled as the largest tea producing state in India. This north-eastern state of India is also deemed as one of largest tea producing regions in the world. The districts in Assam where tea is produced are:
China has bagged the first position in the list of top tea producing countries in the world. This country produces over 1,000,130 tons of tea annually that amounts to approximately 30-35% of the world’s total tea production. India comes second in the world’s list with over 900,000 tons of annual tea produce.
While tea remains to be the second most loved beverage in the world, the people of Turkey consider it to be the best beverage; thereby, making the country, Turkey the ‘Most Tea-Loving Nation Of The World’. Every citizen in Turkey supposedly drinks 4-5 cups of tea (approximately 6.961oz) on a daily basis. The love for tea is engraved in the Turkish culture and the lives of the Turks wholly revolve around the ingestion of cay (Turkish tea).
Sri Lanka is crowned as the largest tea exporting country in the world. Tea production and export is a big part of Sri Lanka’s economy and constitutes over 2% of the country’s GDP. It has carved a niche in the world tea export market by successfully exporting tea across the globe since 1847. The country produces approximately 327,500 metric tons of tea annually and exports almost 318,329 tons to the world, which gives it a 20% share in the world’s tea export business. The Sri Lankan export business is flourishing at a great pace and adding more than $1.48 billion to the country’s economy annually.